In the public service, elections against a background of inflation

The Minister of the Public Service, Stanislas Guerini, will know from the evening of December 9 with whom to compose for the major project of the remuneration of civil servants which he intends to open from January 2023. The 5.6 million public officials indeed vote from Thursday, December 1, and until the 8, to designate their representative bodies for the next four years (read below).

“The first thing we are told about is wages and purchasing power”notes Frédéric Souillot, secretary general of Force Ouvrière (FO), the first organization of the state civil service, which has been crisscrossing the field since mid-September.

Admittedly, the lowest paid civil servants (category C) benefited from a salary increase in 2021, all civil servants experienced a revaluation of 3.5% of the index point in July, in addition to the in place of complementary health insurance. But all these developments have been swept away by the record inflation of recent months.

“We have considered public service too much as a cost”

“Today, 700,000 civil servants are paid the minimum wage, recalls Olivier Bouis, secretary general of the General Federation of Civil Servants (FGF-FO). Before rebuilding the whole system of remuneration for civil servants, we would like to know by how much we are going to be increased again. » And to underline the insufficiency of the revaluation of July.

“To find the real value of the index point since 2000, it would have been necessary to increase it by 24%”, he assures, even if allowances exist to compensate for inflation. “ Hence our desire that all premiums be reintegrated into the index point “, insists Frédéric Souillot.

On the subject, the State must all the same deal with the local authorities to whom the increase in the point in July will have cost 2.3 billion euros, including 1.2 billion for the municipalities whose personnel expenses represent nearly half of the expenses.

“The dissatisfactions of the agents are real”

“We are also told a lot about working conditions and resources, adds Frédéric Souillot. It is the result of years during which the public service has been considered too much as a cost, whereas it is the bond of the Republic. »

“The dissatisfactions of the agents are real”confirms Mylène Jacquot, secretary general of the CFDT Civil service in an interview with the AEF info press agency, in particular on “loss of meaning at work”. “After the role of public officials was highlighted during the health crisis, the culture of control and lack of trust that prevailed returns”she explains.

The situation in the hospital public service is emblematic, after the Ségur de la santé and its more than 10 billion euros annually in revaluations, but where the staff suffer from the lack of attractiveness of their professions.

Everyone has pampered their strongholds

Defending a “policy of small steps”, FO, CFDT and Unsa, which had signed the agreement with the government in the summer of 2020 and now wish to improve it, will be able to count themselves against the CGT and Sud, supporters of a hard line. FO, which had taken second place from the CFDT in 2018, hopes this time to dethrone the CGT as the first hospital union.

If she admits not being able to go first “before 2026”, the CFDT, it intends to continue to progress on the whole of the public service in which it ranks second, behind the CGT; the votes won in 2018 – and the fall of the CGT – had enabled the leading private sector union to become the leading union in France, all sectors combined.

In a very fragmented public union landscape (nine representative unions), everyone has pampered their strongholds: finance for Solidaires, national education for the FSU. In the police (90% unionized), Unsa will even block with Alliance.

Concern over abstention

It is all the less a question of losing the slightest vote as electronic voting, generalized this year, makes some fear record abstention, after that of 2018 when, for the first time, participation fell below 50% ( 44% among hospital workers).

If the CFE-CGC considers that online voting “encourages participation”Unsa notes on the contrary that “Often, when there is a switch to electronic voting, there is a drop in participation”.

The reality differs depending on whether the agents have easy access to a computer or not, hence the concern of the unions closest to the lower categories. But as Frédéric Souillot points out, “the Court of Auditors, which has been pushing electronic voting for years, will still vote with ballot boxes…”

5.6 million public officials called to vote

The civil service is divided into three parts: the State civil service (2.5 million agents), the territorial civil service (1.9 million) and the hospital civil service (1.2 million).

Among the 5.6 million public officials, in particular, there are 3.8 million civil servants, 1.1 million contractors and 300,000 soldiers.

The vote will designate the social committees, responsible for examining collective labor issues at the local level, and joint administrative commissions (joint advisory committees for contract workers), competent for decisions unfavorable to agents (refusal of tenure, part-time or teleworking, etc.).


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