The proportion of employees who could claim unemployment insurance without resorting to it is “between 25% and 42%”, according to a government report sent to Parliament, which notes that the rate of non-recourse is “comparable to that observed on other social benefits”. This report, consulted on Monday by AFP as the debates on the bill on unemployment insurance begin in the Assembly, notes that the non-recourse in this area “has been little studied”, and underlines that the phenomenon is “difficult to measure”.
The study, originally released by The echoescovers the period from November 2018 to October 2019, i.e. before the health crisis and the last unemployment insurance reform.
Between 390,000 and 690,000 people concerned
The authors point out that their estimation work is faced with several difficulties, including the fact that the administrative data “do not allow us to observe the condition of effective job search” or the fact that “about a third of people with end of contract” are already covered by unemployment insurance due to their previous contracts.
They specify that “depending on the scope and the assumptions used, the estimate of the rate of non-use of people not registered with Pôle Emploi in the year following the end of their contract varies between 25% and 42%, which represents on one year between 390,000 and 690,000 non-users”.
A non-use rate close to that for other benefits
The central estimate of the report notably excludes people already covered by unemployment insurance from the analysis. According to this central hypothesis, “about 30% of people aged 25 to 60 who experience the end of their contract in the private sector without being registered beforehand with Pôle Emploi and who meet the eligibility criteria do not use unemployment insurance “.
The authors note that the non-use of unemployment insurance is thus “close to that which can be observed for other benefits”, citing the rates of “34% for the RSA”, “32% for pensions”. This report, produced by the Department of Statistics of the Ministry of Labor (Dares) with economists, had been provided for by the law on the “freedom to choose one’s professional future” of 2018 which provided that it be submitted to Parliament “in a two-year period”. Since then, elected officials had expressly requested its publication, like François Ruffin (LFI), who accused the government of “censoring” this document ahead of the presidential election.